- Hen house- an enclosed area with roosts where your chickens sleep. - Minimum 2 square feet per bird. Most of the chicken droppings happen at night so be careful not to put roosts above and below each other.
- Nest boxes- Usually inside the hen house or built on the adjacent to the hen house with access from the outside. - about 18 square inches per bird, one box for every 3 birds (They'll share)
- Run- this is the play area where the chickens spend time while they are awake. - at least 5 square feet per bird
I'll be the first to admit that I am not very skilled at building things. The first structure I built was a mobile "Chicken Tractor". A Chicken Tractor is a coop/run combo that can be moved around the yard or garden. This 'A' frame coop had a house and nest boxes in one end and the run in the other. It was 8 feet long by 4 feet wide. The hen house was 3 feet long and the run 5 feet. The chickens were happy and comfortable. If you feel uneasy building something yourself you can find sources online for similar structures. One site that was recently recommended to me is http://www.thelittlechickenfactory.com/. Their tractors look lightweight, easy to move and well built.